Formulation and In-vitro Evaluation of Itraconazole Floating Microparticles

  • Taha A. Basher yes
  • Entidhar J. Muhammad


Itraconazole (ITZ) is an antifungal drug (BCSII) used for the treatment of local and systemic fungal infections. Furthermore, ITZ used as an antifungal prophylaxis for immunocompromised patients.

The objective of the study is to overcome the two problems of low and pH dependent solubility of ITZ by its preparation as floating microparticles.

Firstly, pH-dependent floating microparticles were prepared using oil in water solvent evaporation method, from which the best one (F7) selected as a best pH-dependent formula with composition of   ITZ (200mg),EC (800mg), HPMC 15cps (200mg) and safflower oil (2ml) .Then, F7 was compared with the selected Relatively pH-independent ITZ floating microparticles formula  with composition of  ITZ(200mg), a first coat of HPMC15cps (200mg), a second coat of EC (800mg), HPMC 15cps (200mg) and safflower oil (2ml) which prepared by a dual coating solvent evaporation method using a first coat which provides relatively pH-independent solubility, while the second coat applied as a bouncy producing agents. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was used as a surfactant in both cases.

The prepared floating microparticles were subjected to various evaluation parameters such as yield percent, drug loading and drug entrapment efficiency (EE), particle size analysis, in- vitro bouncy, drug release, Fourier Transforms Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray Diffractometry (XRD) studies.