Synthesis of Mutual Prodrugs of Secnidazole and Ciprofloxacin and study Their Physicochemical Properties

  • Marwah W. Khalid Al-freh
  • Leaqaa Abd
  • Ahmed N. Abood
Keywords: ciprofloxacin; secnidazole; mutual prodrug; 5-Nitroimidazole; the physicochemical properties


  Secnidazole was linked with ciprofloxacin as mutual prodrugs to get antibiotics with broader spectrum of activity, improved physicochemical properties and given by single dose to improve patient’s compliance. Furthermore, they provide structural modifications to overcome bacterial adaptation. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed using FT-IR, mass spectrometry, elemental microanalysis (CHNO) and some physiochemical properties. This modification was led to an increase in Log P values for Mutual I (Log P 1.114) and Mutual II (Log P 1.97) compared with its values for Secnidazole (Log P -0.373) and ciprofloxacin (Log P -0.832). The solubility of prodrugs had been determined in different media, Mutual II showed 144-fold increase in aqueous solubility compared to ciprofloxacin. Taste evaluation by panel method showed palatable taste in prodrugs compared to the parent drugs. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity against different bacterial strains which are, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. The prodrugs have revealed excellent antibacterial activities compared with the parent compounds. Chemical hydrolysis study at pH (1.2 and 7.4) has indicated that these compounds may pass unhydrolyzed through the stomach and produce enough stability to be absorbed from the intestine as indicated by t1/2 values.