Estimation the Safety of Parenteral Resveratrol in Mice
Keywords:Acute toxicity, Intraperitoneally, Histopathology, Resveratrol, LD50, Biochemical assay.
Resveratrol is polyphenolic compound has many biochemical and biological effects on several organs. Therefore, resveratrol can be used to treat many diseases. The aim was to evaluate resveratrol safety when used in a parenteral single bolus dose. This study was conducted on 60 mice (30 males and 30 females). Each male and female mice divided into 6 groups (five mice per group). All mice groups given 1% DMSO and five different doses of resveratrol (5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.625, 0.312) gm/kg intraperitonially given to five groups respectively. The mice were continuously monitored during 14 days. The number of deaths, changes in general behavior, changes in physiological activity, and signs of toxicity were reported. On day 15 blood was collected using a jugular vein puncture to obtain blood samples for hematological and biochemical analysis. All mice were euthanized under anesthesia. The heart, lung, liver, kidney, and gonads were dissected and sent for histopathological study. The result showed that at dose 0.312gm/kg neither signs of toxicity nor death were detected. The LD50 dose was 1.18 g/kg for female and 1.07 g/kg for male mice. The body weight change, biochemical and hematological assay, revealed that at doses 1.25 g/kg,0.625,0.312 g/kg for both sexes no significant changes had reported in comparison with a control group (p?0.05). Histopathological examination revealed that at doses 1.25 g/kg for both sexes no significant tissue changes had reported in comparison with a control group (p?0.05). In conclusion resveratrol has dose-dependent toxicity when used intraperitoneally in Swiss Albino mice and the non-observed adverse effect level at dose 0.312 g/kg.
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