Compliance towards the Malaysian Laws on Poisons and Sale of Drugs: A Retrospective Observational Study in the state of Sarawak

Authors

  • Luqman Nulhakim bin Said Sarawak State Health Department
  • Loo Shing Chyi Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Cannilia anak Kerine Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Benodict Apok anak Talin Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Lily Siao Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Lu Sing Ling Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Wan Aziyani Yazmin binti Wan Yeit Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch
  • Tan Sin Min Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31351/vol33iss2pp86-91

Keywords:

Community Pharmacists, General Practitioners, Compliance, Malaysian Laws on Poisons and Sale of Drugs

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: Compliance with the laws and regulations on the sale and supply of medicine ensures that it is conducted safely and professionally.

Objectives: This study identify the compliance rate of community pharmacists and general practitioners in the state of Sarawak towards the Malaysian Laws on Poisons and Sale of Drugs and review the effect enforcement actions taken by the Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch.

Methods: A cross sectional study where the data were extracted retrospectively from the annual inspection reports on community pharmacists and general practitioners conducted by the Sarawak Pharmacy Enforcement Branch from 2016 to 2020. Data were extracted using a self-developed data collection tool by trained enforcement officers. Overall, 50 criteria were examined but 24 more criteria were also examined for community pharmacists.

Results: The compliance rate of community pharmacists has improved slightly from 58.6% in 2016 to 61.1% in 2020. Meanwhile, the compliance rate of general practitioners improved drastically, from 35.9% in 2016 to 71.2% in 2020. The recording provision on the supply of substances containing Codeine, Dextromethorphan, Ephedrine, and Pseudoephedrine (12.3%-24.1%) and of the Prescription Book (7.7%-27.6%) were the most common non-compliance recorded for all the 5 years among community pharmacists and general practitioners, respectively. Enforcement action “issuance of warning letters” found to induced major (79.6%) improvement in the compliance rate.

Conclusion: The compliance rate of community pharmacists and general practitioners has improved throughout the years. The highest non-compliance rate was towards the recording provision on the supply of medicine. Constant assessment of compliance rate as well as the effectiveness of enforcement actions must be done regularly.

Keywords: Community pharmacists, General Practitioners, Malaysian Laws on Poisons and Sale of Drugs, Compliance

References

Formal Analysis: Luqman Nulhakim bin Said, Loo Shing Chyi

Visualisation: Luqman Nulhakim bin Said

Writing – Original Draft: Luqman Nulhakim bin Said

Writing – Review & Editing: Loo Shing Chyi

Supervision: Benodict Apok anak Talin

Validation: Benodict Apok anak Talin

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Published

2024-06-29